The History of the Condom

Background Condoms are a barrier method of contraception that can prevent unwanted pregnancies and the spread of sexually transmitted infections. A male condom is a thin sheath that is placed over the user’s erect penis before sexual activity to prevent direct contact of the penis with the partner’s skin, mucosa, and genital secretions.1 Though not…

How can I Remember to Take my Birth Control?

Why Do I Have To Be Consistent With My Birth Control? When comparing different birth control options, there are often two effectiveness percentages that are shown. One describes “perfect use,” while the other describes “typical use.” It is important to differentiate between the two numbers. “Perfect use” rates describe the protection that the contraceptive method provides when it…

Teaching Comprehensive Sex Education

Welcome, sexual health educators! We would first like to thank you for your contribution towards a happier and healthier future for each of your students. Comprehensive sex education is critical, and as an educator you directly affect the lives of all those you teach and all of their future sexual partners. Whether you are just…

Male Sterilization

Male Sterilization A vasectomy is a permanent method of birth control for males. It is a surgical procedure, typically involving local anesthesia, in which the vas deferens are cut, tied, or blocked off so that sperm cannot leave the scrotum. This procedure prevents the expulsion of sperm from the male’s body during ejaculation, thus eliminating…

Male Contraception

In recent decades, development of reliable and reversible methods of female contraception greatly expanded family planning options available to females. Male contraceptive development, however, has been greatly overlooked. Currently, male condoms and vasectomies are the only forms of reliable male contraception  effective at preventing pregnancy for a female partner (and, in the case of latex…

Female Condom

What Is The Female Condom? The female condom (FC), like the male condom, is a barrier method of contraception. When worn during sex, the female condom lines the entire interior of the vagina, preventing semen from entering the uterus and fertilizing an egg. By shielding the walls of the vagina or anus from semen and…

Contraceptive Sponge

   What is the Contraceptive Sponge? The contraceptive sponge is a small, disposable polyurethane foam device that contains absorbed spermicide. It is soft, circular, and about two inches in diameter. Before intercourse, the sponge must be inserted deep into the vagina, and placed over the cervical opening in order to kill sperm before they enter…

Cervical Cap

What is a Cervical Cap? A cervical cap, also known as a FemCap or cervical cover, is a small silicone cup that is inserted into the vagina in order to prevent pregnancy. Suction allows the cap to be seated over the cervix, blocking sperm from entering the uterus and preventing fertilization. In order to be…

Birth Control Pill Overview

Birth control pills are one of the most effective contraceptive methods for preventing pregnancy. Commonly referred to as “The Pill,” this type of birth control comes in a variety of forms and can be taken in a variety of different ways depending on the method that works best for the individual. There are two main types of…