Hijra, The Third Gender of India

Hijra are the third gender recognized predominantly in India, as well as some areas in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal. It is an encompassing term that includes eunuchs, intersex, and transgender people. Hijra, once seen as valued religious and spiritual healers, are now socially “untouchable” and marginalized people. Today they live in rundown areas called Gharanas.1 This group faces social, emotional, and…

Gender Dysphoria

Although traditionally, the words ‘sex’ and ‘gender’ have been used interchangeably, it is important to note that there is a significant difference between the meanings of the two. The term sex is used to describe a person’s biology. It can include gonads, sex chromosomes, sex hormones, internal reproductive organs, and external genitalia.3 Gender refers to a society’s…

Fetishistic Transvestism

Fetishistic Transvestism Transvestism, most commonly referred to as "cross-dressing," refers to the act of experiencing sexual arousal from wearing clothes typically associated with the opposite gender. For example, a man may become sexually aroused by wearing a bra and skirt while a woman may become aroused by wearing a jock strap. Cross-dressing is typically a brief,…