Combination Pills

Combination pills, also called “combo pills,” or simply “the pill,” are a form of oral hormonal birth control which contain the hormones estrogen and progestin.1 Combination pills are commonly used as a method of preventing pregnancy, but can also be used for their non-contraceptive benefits such as improving acne, decreasing menstrual cramps or other premenstrual…

Birth Control Pill Overview

Birth control pills are one of the most effective contraceptive methods for preventing pregnancy. Commonly referred to as “The Pill,” this type of birth control comes in a variety of forms and can be taken in a variety of different ways depending on the method that works best for the individual. There are two main types of…

Intrauterine Device (IUD)

The IUD is a highly effective, long lasting form of birth control.  The two different types, the hormonal IUD and the copper IUD, function in different ways, resulting in differing advantages and disadvantages.  The IUD must be inserted by a trained health care professional, and it does not prevent against sexually transmitted infections (STIs). What Is…

Progestin-Only Pills

The progestin-only pill, also known as the “mini pill,” is a type of oral contraceptive, or oral birth control pill. The pill contains the hormone progestin and, unlike the combination pill, does not contain estrogen. Due to this lack of estrogen, many users report feeling fewer side effects. One monthly pack of progestin-only pills contains…

The Birth Control Shot

The birth control shot, most commonly known as Depo-Provera® or DMPA, is an injection of the progestin hormone.1 This hormone is injected into the arm or buttocks every three months in order to prevent ovulation and thicken cervical mucus, making it more difficult for sperm to pass through the cervix.1  Since the birth control shot…

Hormonal Contraceptive Methods

  Hormones are important chemical messengers found in the body. In the female reproductive system, they regulate everything from libido to the menstrual cycle. Synthetic hormones can be administered to females with natural hormonal imbalances, and are used primarily as a form of fertility control.1 Hormones in the Human Body Estrogen is a hormone naturally…