Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

What is Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome? Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is caused by an imbalance in a female’s androgen hormone levels. This hormonal imbalance can cause a number of issues, including difficulty achieving pregnancy by creating an irregular menstrual cycle.1 During ovulation, females with PCOS do not create all the necessary hormones for their eggs to fully mature. This causes some of the…

The Ovaries and the Ovum

The ovaries are the female gonads, or sex glands. These glands carry out two important functions: ovulation, and the production and secretion of sex hormones. Ovulation is the process of releasing an ovum, or egg, to prepare a female for possible implantation and consequent impregnation. Sex hormones regulate the process which dictates ovulation, known as…

Miscarriage

Disclaimer: Throughout this article we will be using the term “expectant mother” to refer to a pregnant female, although we acknowledge that not all pregnant females will become mothers. Some may choose to serve as surrogates, or to give their babies up for adoption by couples who wish to become parents. Further, we will be…