Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

What is Human Papillomavirus? Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that is made up of over 150 strains, also called HPV “types”. More than 40 types of HPV are transmitted sexually and can infect the genitals as well as the mouth and throat of both males and females. HPV infection is currently the…

Herpes

Herpes is a viral disease also known as HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus). There are more than 70 different strains of the herpes virus, although humans are susceptible to only four of them. There are two types of HSV. Herpes Type I is most commonly found above the waist — in the mouth, nose, and eyes —…

Hepatitis A B C D and E

Hepatitis is categorized into five distinct types: hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. These variations of hepatitis are all viral infections that mainly affect the liver causing various symptoms from fever to liver cancer. Hepatitis A Distribution Countries that have poor hygiene and poor sanitary conditions have the highest instances of infection with 90…

Anal Warts

Anal warts (condyloma acuminata) are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. The warts thrive inside and around the anus, and can also be found inside of the genitals.1 Transmission and Symptoms A person can contract HPV through oral, penile-vaginal (coital), and anal sex with an infected partner. HPV is highly contagious, and…

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection from the poxvirus family that causes pearl-like bumps on the skin. The virus can be transmitted through direct contact (e.g., sharing towels, razors, toys, clothing, bedding, or gym equipment) and through sexual contact, classifying this condition as a sexually transmitted infection (STI).[1] The virus is most commonly found…

HIV/AIDS

HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a sexually transmitted virus that, if left untreated, can progress to AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, and is the symptomatic part of this infection. Because HIV is a “retrovirus,” each virus is encased in a protein shell, which allows them to attack and alter cells from the host…

Genital Warts

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection (STI).1 They can be transmitted through sexual contact such as oral, penile/vaginal, and anal sex.1 However, transmission can also occur merely through skin to skin contact with someone who is already infected.1 Typically, genital warts appear on the skin in the genital or anal area.1 They are treatable…