Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

What is Human Papillomavirus? Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that is made up of over 150 strains, also called HPV “types”. More than 40 types of HPV are transmitted sexually and can infect the genitals as well as the mouth and throat of both males and females. HPV infection is currently the…

The Pap Smear

A Pap smear, also known as a Papanicolaou test or Pap test, is a procedure that checks for abnormal cells on the cervix.1 It is named after George Papanicolaou, M.D., who is credited for developing the Pap smear.2 The Pap smear drastically transformed how early cervical cancer can be detected in females.2 The cervix is…

Cervical Cap

What is a Cervical Cap? A cervical cap, also known as a FemCap or cervical cover, is a small silicone cup that is inserted into the vagina in order to prevent pregnancy. Suction allows the cap to be seated over the cervix, blocking sperm from entering the uterus and preventing fertilization. In order to be…

Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is cancer of the cervix, the tube-shaped structure that connects the vagina and the uterus. The World Health Organization estimates that over one million females are living with cervical cancer around the world.1¬†The National Cancer Institute approximates 12,900 females were diagnosed in 2015 alone.2¬†According to the American Cancer Society, 4,120 females are expected…

Genital Warts

Genital warts are a sexually transmitted infection (STI).1 They can be transmitted through sexual contact such as oral, penile/vaginal, and anal sex.1 However, transmission can also occur merely through skin to skin contact with someone who is already infected.1 Typically, genital warts appear on the skin in the genital or anal area.1 They are treatable…