An Overview of Birth Control

What Is Birth Control? The term “birth control” refers to a broad spectrum of methods that partners engaging in sexual activity use to prevent pregnancy. The most common types of birth control are hormonal methods, barrier methods, surgical procedures, withdrawal, and abstinence. In the United States, over 40% of women are using some form of…

Cervical Cap

What is a Cervical Cap? A cervical cap, also known as a FemCap or cervical cover, is a small silicone cup that is inserted into the vagina in order to prevent pregnancy. Suction allows the cap to be seated over the cervix, blocking sperm from entering the uterus and preventing fertilization. In order to be…

Diaphragm

What is the Diaphragm? The diaphragm, a shallow silicone cap is a barrier method of birth control for females. Inserted deep within the vagina, the diaphragm creates a seal against the cervix to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. Spermicidal cream or jelly is applied onto the diaphragm before insertion to immobilize and kill sperm before…

Spermicides

What Are Spermicides? Spermicide is a substance that kills sperm on contact. Spermicides are available in a variety of different forms including creams, gels, foams, suppositories and films.1 Spermicides are inserted deep into the vagina, near the cervix, with a plastic syringe applicator, or they are inserted with a diaphragm, cervical cap, or contraceptive sponge.3…

The Catholic Church and Contraception

Historically, the Catholic Church and contraception have had a contentious relationship. As early as the second century, the Church took the firm position that the use of contraception—as well as the act of engaging in any form of recreational sex that does not lead to procreation—was considered sinful. Evidence of this belief dates back to the Didache, a second-century document…

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Warning: If you show signs of toxic shock syndrome including fever, vomiting, low blood pressure, or a sunburn-like rash, particularly during menstruation and tampon use or if you have had a recent surgery, we advise you to seek immediate medical attention. Overview Toxic shock syndrome is a potentially fatal condition which can occur quickly due…