Scabies

Classical scabies is a parasitic infection that is caused by the presence of mites on the skin. The microscopic human itch mites burrow shallow tunnels into the upper layer of the skin.1 The human itch mite is an eight-legged bug that is less that 1mm large, and is nearly impossible to view without a microscope.3 The mites…

Herpes

Herpes is a viral disease also known as HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus). There are more than 70 different strains of the herpes virus, although humans are susceptible to only four of them. There are two types of HSV. Herpes Type I is most commonly found above the waist — in the mouth, nose, and eyes —…

Pubic Lice

Trigger warning: This article includes graphic and highly detailed photos of pubic lice infestations that some people may find upsetting. If you wish to proceed, do so with caution of the explicit imagery. Pubic lice, often referred to as “crabs” due to their claw-like front legs, are small parasitic insects.3 Also known as “Phthirus pubis”…

An Overview of Parasitic Infections

A parasitic infection is a disease that is transmitted by parasites. Parasites are microscopic organisms that live inside or on the exterior of a larger host, using the host as their food source.1 There are three types of parasites that target humans: protozoa, helminths, and ectoparasites. Protozoa are microscopic, one-celled organisms that can pass to…

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection from the poxvirus family that causes pearl-like bumps on the skin. The virus can be transmitted through direct contact (e.g., sharing towels, razors, toys, clothing, bedding, or gym equipment) and through sexual contact, classifying this condition as a sexually transmitted infection (STI).[1] The virus is most commonly found…

An Overview of STIs

The Basics Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are infections that can be spread through sexual contact such as intercourse, oral sex, kissing, or shared sex toys. Also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), these conditions are more often asymptomatic than not, which means an infected individual does not show signs of infection. To contract an STI,…

Breast Cancer

The breast is a secondary sex organ located on top of the pectoral muscle of the torso. The breasts, also called mammaries, produce milk (lactate) so that a mother can feed her infant child. Each breast is composed of both fatty tissue and mammary glands. Mammary glands are connected to the nipple via milk ducts,…

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Warning: If you show signs of toxic shock syndrome including fever, vomiting, low blood pressure, or a sunburn-like rash, particularly during menstruation and tampon use or if you have had a recent surgery, we advise you to seek immediate medical attention. Overview Toxic shock syndrome is a potentially fatal condition which can occur quickly due…