Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)

Disclaimer: If you think you have been exposed to HIV, please talk to a health care provider about PEP as soon as possible (within 72 hours). Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) is an emergency Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) prevention method where individuals start a 28-day course medication within 72 hours of HIV exposure in order to prevent an infection….

Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PrEP)

Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is an HIV prevention method where HIV-negative individuals at risk of HIV infection take a daily medication before being exposed to the virus. “Pre-exposure” means before coming into contact and “prophylaxis” stands for preventative treatment.1 At the time this article was updated, only two medications, under the brand names Truvada® and Descovy®, have been approved by the U.S….

An Overview of Disability and Sexuality

One of the most important aspects to remember when discussing the topic of sex and disability is that people with disabilities are sexual beings. Oftentimes, people assume that those with disabilities have no sexual desires or needs and tend to treat them as children or victims in need of protection. In reality, the majority of…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

What is Human Papillomavirus? Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that is made up of over 150 strains, also called HPV “types”. More than 40 types of HPV are transmitted sexually and can infect the genitals as well as the mouth and throat of both males and females. HPV infection is currently the…

The Origin of Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that can damage the heart, brain, eyes and bones and can even cause death if left untreated. If caught early, syphilis may be cured with antibiotics. A single dose of penicillin is usually an effective treatment for early-stage syphilis, and three doses of penicillin is usually effective for late-stage…

Trachoma

What is Trachoma? Trachoma is an infection of the eyes caused by a cellular microorganism known as Chlamydia trachomatis. The infection is the world’s leading cause of preventable blindness; according to the World Health Organization (WHO), there are 2.2 million people worldwide suffering from vision problems as a result of chronic trachoma, and 1.2 million…

Male Circumcision

Male circumcision refers to the removal of foreskin which surrounds a male’s glans penis. This medical procedure—often considered to be the oldest documented surgical procedure1—is mostly performed on infants, but it is not uncommon for circumcision to be performed on adult males as well. While it most likely began as a religious practice1, circumcision has become the…

Herpes

Herpes is a viral disease also known as HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus). There are more than 70 different strains of the herpes virus, although humans are susceptible to only four of them. There are two types of HSV. Herpes Type I is most commonly found above the waist — in the mouth, nose, and eyes —…

Super Gonorrhea

Gonorrhea and the Discovery of Super Gonorrhea Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) that can affect both males and females. It often results in infections of the genitals, rectum, and throat, and most commonly afflicts within sexually active people between the ages of 15 to 24. Gonorrhea is transmitted through vaginal, anal, and oral sex,…