Human Papillomavirus (HPV)

What is Human Papillomavirus? Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is a group of viruses that is made up of over 150 strains, also called HPV “types”. More than 40 types of HPV are transmitted sexually and can infect the genitals as well as the mouth and throat of both males and females. HPV infection is currently the…

Herpes

Herpes is a viral disease also known as HSV (Herpes Simplex Virus). There are more than 70 different strains of the herpes virus, although humans are susceptible to only four of them. There are two types of HSV. Herpes Type I is most commonly found above the waist — in the mouth, nose, and eyes —…

Penile and Anal Cancers

Cancer is a condition in which mutated cells in the body grow and multiply out of control. Penile cancer is when the mutated cells occur in the tissue of the penis. Anal cancer occurs when the mutated cells occur in the tissue of the anus.For anal cancer, there is an estimated 8,080 new cases in…

Anal Warts

Anal warts (condyloma acuminata) are caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), a sexually transmitted infection. The warts thrive inside and around the anus, and can also be found inside of the genitals.1 Transmission and Symptoms A person can contract HPV through oral, penile-vaginal (coital), and anal sex with an infected partner. HPV is highly contagious, and…

Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a viral skin infection from the poxvirus family that causes pearl-like bumps on the skin. The virus can be transmitted through direct contact (e.g., sharing towels, razors, toys, clothing, bedding, or gym equipment) and through sexual contact, classifying this condition as a sexually transmitted infection (STI).[1] The virus is most commonly found…

HIV/AIDS

HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, is a sexually transmitted virus that, if left untreated, can progress to AIDS. AIDS stands for Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, and is the symptomatic part of this infection. Because HIV is a “retrovirus,” each virus is encased in a protein shell, which allows them to attack and alter cells from the host…

Effects of STIs on Pregnancy

It is entirely possible for a pregnant individual to contract a sexually transmitted infection (STI) during, or prior to, pregnancy. This can cause problems for the individual by affecting their fertility and pregnancy. STIs can be transmitted to the developing fetus and potentially cause damage, which can range from physical or mental abnormalities to loss…