Overview of the Reproductive System: People with Vaginas

Note: This article was previously titled ‘An Overview of the Female Reproductive System.’ We have changed the language from ‘female’ to ‘people with vaginas’ in the title and throughout the article to be more inclusive, as not all people who identify as women or female have vaginas and not all people with vaginas identify as …

Overview of the Male Reproductive System

… are largely external organs, males are typically more familiar with their own reproductive systems than females are of the female reproductive system. The purpose of the male reproductive system is to produce, maintain, and transport sperm and semen as well as producing and secreting male sex hormones responsible for maintaining a healthy and functional reproductive

Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)

Assisted reproductive technology (ART), is a class of medical treatments and procedures used to help people dealing with various forms of infertility conceive a child.1 There are various forms, and as every person’s situation is different, the specifics are best to be discussed with a medical provider and/or fertility specialist. If you …

The Pap Smear

… detect other conditions, which can include infections or inflammation.1 Pap smears are necessary in order to treat any abnormalities in a timely manner and maintain female reproductive health.

Table of Contents

ProcedurePreparationFrequencyResultsCauses of Cervical CancerConcluding Remarks

The procedure will typically take place in a doctor’s office and be performed by a doctor …

Evolution and Human Sexuality

… many things, including the ability to find a mate, the resources to conceive and raise a child, and the ability to survive long enough for one’s reproductive system to fully mature. Evolution and natural selection do not necessarily favor the “survival of the fittest” but rather the “reproduction of the fittest.” A person may …

Pre-cum (Cowper's Secretions)

… Function of Pre-cumPre-cum and Sperm: Disputing ResearchPre-Cum and STIsWhat is a Normal Amount?Concluding Remarks
The Cowper’s Gland

As part of the male reproductive system, the Cowper’s glands serve a small but important function. These small glands are also known as the bulbourethral glands. This pair of organs is located …


Table of Contents

OverviewFunctionsImproving Vaginal MusclesGenital Self-ExamDouching ContraceptionMedical ConditionsConcluding Remarks

The vagina is a stretchable muscular cavity lined with mucous membranes in the female reproductive system that extends from the uterus (womb) to the vaginal opening. The cervix of the uterus forms the interior end of the vagina, while the vulva–or the …

Anatomy Diagrams

… a testicle The internal female reproductive system as viewed from the frontThe external female reproductive system as viewed from the bottom, including the vulva

Table of Contents

The Vulva:Male Reproductive System (Side View):Penis/Cross section:Female Inner Reproductive System:
The Vulva:

Male Reproductive System (Side View):

Penis/Cross section:

Female Inner Reproductive System:

Causes of Intersexuality

… of the TestesTrue Gonadal Intersexuality (“True Hermaphroditism”)5-alpha-reductase DeficiencyMosaic GeneticsTurner Syndrome

“Intersex” is a general term used to describe people who are born with reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not fit the typical definitions of female or male. Some characteristics that are often associated with the development of intersex individuals include …